Not every excellent piece has to come from a professional. The following video was from a group of young students - the editing was rough and the acting was not topnotch, but the video reflects an impressive collaborative work from a few young, brave and passionate students with an important message to tell.
Questions: 1. What is the message in this video? 2. If you were to do a video on what is important about school life, what would your message be? 3. Based on your message, how would you and friends act it out?
Welcome to the last-minute guide to Inferential Questions!
While literal questions require answers to be pulled directly from the text, inferential questions are trickier: the clues are in the text, but it requires thinking and some background knowledge for you to piece an answer together. Inferential questions require critical thinking about the text - we are no longer passive readers of the text, but we are now critiques of the writer and text.
In other words, inferential questions require us to question why the author phrased words in the way he or she did (CHALLENGE THE AUTHOR), or why the characters in the story do what they do (QUESTION THE CHARACTERS). Let's take an example. In HK paper Q16, we are asked why the author underlined the word "claiming".
(CHALLENGE THE AUTHOR) We must instantly ask ourselves why did he not use other words, like "proposing" or "theorising" or "suggesting". These alternatives have a positive feel about the ideas being proposed, whereas "claiming" has a negative feel. What does this negative feel then tell us about how the author views the ideas by Lowell?
One good answer is that the author is not convinced by the ideas given by Lowell.
Inaccurate answers include "The author feels that the ideas are not valid/ true". This is unacceptable, because the word "claim" can be used for statements that are true as well. For example, "Scientists from Australian National University recently claimed to have discovered the elusive element number 117". This statement is true, but the use of the word "claimed" tells us the attitude of the writer. Compare the sentence now with "Scientists from Australian National University recently reported the discovery of the elusive element number 117".
Now let's look at HK paper Q6ii. In this question, we are asked to suggest a reason for why Jack moved in the manner he did. (QUESTION THE CHARACTERS) Jack was moving in a stealthy manner, and you know that the entire text was on him being on a food hunt. If he is hunting, should he be noisy and announce his arrival to the entire forest? Can he afford to do so if his prey is near? Therefore, an accurate inference would be that he did not wish to alert his prey to his presence. Inaccurate answers include "Jack was hiding from predators". This is erroneous, because he is the predator in the entire text, and, in a lion-like manner, he approached his prey cautiously. This mistake indicates poor understanding of the text.
Do raise any question on inferential skills here, and we will look at it as a class!
Planning: To: Madam Lee Teacher-in-charge Ang Mo Kio Secondary School Green Club Format is accurate. Good. From: Jordan Teoh Student President Green Club
3rd April 2014
Proposed activities for educational trip on environment conservation
Introduction: Thank the teacher-in-charge, and convey the idea that the suggestions have been thought through carefully. Good. It is important to convey that effort has been put into the suggestions. Supporting Paragraph 1: 'Young Naturalist Adventure', because outdoor and hands-on preferred to typical classroom activity. This breaks the monotony of learning, and offers a wider field experience than a 'wireless learning trail' or 'prawn and fish demo'. Good that you compared the chosen activity against the others. This then convinces me why one activity is better than the others. Supporting Paragraph 2: Nature walks - natural lesson on the environment and students see what they do not usually see. This places students in the real-world context of learning. I am not entirely sure of the difference between Nature Walks and 'Young Naturalist Adventure'. Be explicit on their differences, or propose distinctly different activities. Otherwise, these will just be considered as a single activity. Supporting Paragraph 3: Inspire students to do more for the environment through interest. Careful elaboration is needed for Supporting Paragraph 3. You need to tell me how these activities appeal to the students' interests in the first place. Supporting Paragraph 4: Enhances the students' knowledge on ways to care for the environment given Singapore's unique biodiversity, and the significance of doing so. Good. You addressed Singapore's unique biodiversity, and in doing so you make the chosen activities for your Green Club targeted and specific to your peers. Conclusion: Summarize the points, and thank the reader for the attention.
Is 'Finding Nemo' such a goody goody show that we have fallen in love with? In today's lesson, we've learnt not to take things at surface value, and instead have an open mind to be proven false.
In this post, I have crafted some questions on Finding Nemo. Please do address the questions by considering both sides of the coin. The purpose of this activity is to practice developing a critical distance between ourselves and the text so that we can evaluate it objectively.
Pen your response in the Comment section below! Homework: Pen two responses (a total of 600-700 words) by Sunday midnight. If you hit the word limit through a single post, you don't have to craft another post. You may wish to reply to your peers' comments as well.